Pivotal role of hMT+ in long‐range disambiguation of interhemispheric bistable surface motion

Title:

Pivotal role of hMT+ in long‐range disambiguation of interhemispheric bistable surface motion

Authors:

Joao Valente Duarte [ website | social ]

Gabriel Nascimento Costa [ website | social ]

Ricardo Martins [ website | social ]

Miguel Castelo-Branco [ website | social ]

Abstract:

It remains an open question whether long-range disambiguation of ambiguous surface motion can be achieved in early visual cortex or instead in higher level regions, which concerns object/surface segmentation/integration mechanisms. We used a bistable moving stimulus that can be perceived as a pattern comprehending both visual hemi-fields moving coherently downward or as two widely segregated nonoverlapping component objects (in each visual hemi-field) moving separately inward. This paradigm requires long-range integration across the vertical meridian leading to interhemispheric binding. Our fMRI study (n = 30) revealed a close relation between activity in hMT+ and perceptual switches involving interhemispheric segregation/integration of motion signals, crucially under nonlocal conditions where components do not overlap and belong to distinct hemispheres. Higher signal changes were found in hMT+ in response to spatially segregated component (incoherent) percepts than to pattern (coherent) percepts. This did not occur in early visual cortex, unlike apparent motion, which does not entail surface segmentation. We also identified a role for top–down mechanisms in state transitions. Deconvolution analysis of switch-related changes revealed prefrontal, insula, and cingulate areas, with the right superior parietal lobule (SPL) being particularly involved. We observed that directed influences could emerge either from left or right hMT+ during bistable motion integration/segregation. SPL also exhibited significant directed functional connectivity with hMT+, during perceptual state maintenance (Granger causality analysis). Our results suggest that long-range interhemispheric binding of ambiguous motion representations mainly reflect bottom–up processes from hMT+ during perceptual state maintenance. In contrast, state transitions maybe influenced by high-level regions such as the SPL.

Publisher:

Human Brain Mapping, Wiley

Date Published:

28-06-2017

Publisher website:

http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/hbm.23701/full

DOI:

10.1002/hbm.23701

Keywords:

fMRI, hMT+, long‐range disambiguation, bistable surface motion, Wallach stimulus, visual motion, interhemispheric integration, decision-making, connectivity

Thumbnail:

image

Pivotal role of hMT+ in long‐range disambiguation of interhemispheric bistable surface motion

Scholarly Lite is a free theme, contributed to the Drupal Community by More than Themes.